On 1 April 2011, the nonviolent nature of the demonstration at Freedom Square
in Suleimaniya Iraq deteriorated quickly. Two young male provocateurs later alleged to have ties to the
PUK (Patriotic Union of Kurdistan) and KDP (Kurdistan Democratic Party)
security forces, led a group of demonstrators to the outskirts of the square
and began throwing rocks at the armed forces who were positioned in large numbers
on street corners. April 1 was the
forty-third day of ongoing demonstrations and the government has done little to
recognize the demands of the demonstrators or negotiate with them.